This report, which has been submitted for publication to UNESCO, presents a practical framework for understanding the real world benefits of open access publishing. Jean-Gabriel Bankier and Promita Chatterji group these benefits into three categories: benefits for authors, for readers, and for institutions. Within this framework they present 100 particular accounts of benefits of open access. Examples include authors who are quickly identified as subject matter experts in a field, to the ready availability of information having direct impacts on transportation and environmental protection policies in the US. In addition to offering these particular examples, Bankier and Chatterji’s overall framework offers a potential model for others to follow.